Python, string,

def upper(word: str) -> str:
    Will convert the entire string to uppercase letters

    >>> upper("wow")
    >>> upper("Hello")
    >>> upper("WHAT")
    >>> upper("wh[]32")

    # Converting to ascii value int value and checking to see if char is a lower letter
    # if it is a lowercase letter it is getting shift by 32 which makes it an uppercase
    # case letter
    return "".join(chr(ord(char) - 32) if "a" <= char <= "z" else char for char in word)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    from doctest import testmod