Python, math, lucas_lehmer_primality_test.py

"""
        In mathematics, the Lucas–Lehmer test (LLT) is a primality test for Mersenne
        numbers.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucas%E2%80%93Lehmer_primality_test

        A Mersenne number is a number that is one less than a power of two.
        That is M_p = 2^p - 1
        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mersenne_prime

        The Lucas–Lehmer test is the primality test used by the
        Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS) to locate large primes.
"""


# Primality test 2^p - 1
# Return true if 2^p - 1 is prime
def lucas_lehmer_test(p: int) -> bool:
    """
    >>> lucas_lehmer_test(p=7)
    True

    >>> lucas_lehmer_test(p=11)
    False

    # M_11 = 2^11 - 1 = 2047 = 23 * 89
    """

    if p < 2:
        raise ValueError("p should not be less than 2!")
    elif p == 2:
        return True

    s = 4
    M = (1 << p) - 1
    for i in range(p - 2):
        s = ((s * s) - 2) % M
    return s == 0


if __name__ == "__main__":
    print(lucas_lehmer_test(7))
    print(lucas_lehmer_test(11))