Python, math, karatsuba.py

""" Multiply two numbers using Karatsuba algorithm """


def karatsuba(a, b):
    """
    >>> karatsuba(15463, 23489) == 15463 * 23489
    True
    >>> karatsuba(3, 9) == 3 * 9
    True
    """
    if len(str(a)) == 1 or len(str(b)) == 1:
        return a * b
    else:
        m1 = max(len(str(a)), len(str(b)))
        m2 = m1 // 2

        a1, a2 = divmod(a, 10**m2)
        b1, b2 = divmod(b, 10**m2)

        x = karatsuba(a2, b2)
        y = karatsuba((a1 + a2), (b1 + b2))
        z = karatsuba(a1, b1)

        return (z * 10 ** (2 * m2)) + ((y - z - x) * 10 ** (m2)) + (x)


def main():
    print(karatsuba(15463, 23489))


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()