Go, graph, breadthfirstsearch.go

package graph

// BreadthFirstSearch is an algorithm for traversing and searching graph data structures.
// It starts at an arbitrary node of a graph, and explores all of the neighbor nodes
// at the present depth prior to moving on to the nodes at the next depth level.
// Worst-case performance	 		O(|V|+|E|)=O(b^{d})}O(|V|+|E|)=O(b^{d})
// Worst-case space complexity	 	O(|V|)=O(b^{d})}O(|V|)=O(b^{d})
// reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breadth-first_search
func BreadthFirstSearch(start, end, nodes int, edges [][]int) (isConnected bool, distance int) {
	queue := make([]int, 0)
	discovered := make([]int, nodes)
	discovered[start] = 1
	queue = append(queue, start)
	for len(queue) > 0 {
		v := queue[0]
		queue = queue[1:]
		for i := 0; i < len(edges[v]); i++ {
			if discovered[i] == 0 && edges[v][i] > 0 {
				if i == end {
					return true, discovered[v]
				}
				discovered[i] = discovered[v] + 1
				queue = append(queue, i)
			}
		}
	}
	return false, 0
}