C++, string, horspool.cpp

/**
 * @file
 * @brief Horspool's algorithm that finds if a string contains a substring (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyer%E2%80%93Moore%E2%80%93Horspool_algorithm)
 * @author [Harry Kontakis](https://github.com/ckontakis)
 */

#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
#include <cassert>

/**
 * @namespace strings
 * @brief Algorithms with strings
 */
namespace strings {
/**
 * @namespace horspool
 * @brief Functions for [Horspool's](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyer%E2%80%93Moore%E2%80%93Horspool_algorithm) algorithm
 */
namespace horspool {
/**
 * A function that finds the shift table of the given prototype string that we need in Horpool's algorithm.
 * @param prototype is the substring that we use to find shift table
 * @return Shift Table of Horspool's algorithm
 */
std::unordered_map<char, int> findShiftTable(const std::string &prototype) {
    std::unordered_map<char, int>
        shiftTable;  // A HashMap for shift table that has characters for keys and integers for values

    for (int i = 0; i < prototype.size();
         i++) {  // Checking all characters of prototype string
        if (shiftTable.find(prototype[i]) ==
            shiftTable.end()) {  // If character does not exist in HashMap
            if (i != prototype.size() - 1) {
                shiftTable.insert(std::make_pair(
                    prototype[i], prototype.size() - i -
                                      1));  // Insert the character as key and the size of prototype string - index of character - 1 as value
            } else {
                shiftTable.insert(std::make_pair(
                    prototype[i],
                    prototype.size()));  // Insert the character as key and the size of prototype string as value
            }
        } else {
            if (i != prototype.size() - 1) {
                shiftTable[prototype[i]] = prototype.size() - i - 1;
            }
        }
    }
    return shiftTable;
}

/**
 * A function that implements Horspool's algorithm.
 * @param text is the string that we are searching if there is a substring
 * @param prototype is the substring that we are searching in text
 * @returns true if text string contains prototype string
 * @returns false if text string does not contain prototype string
 */
bool horspool(const std::string &text, const std::string &prototype) {
    std::unordered_map<char, int> shiftTable = findShiftTable(
        prototype);  // Initialise shift table calling findShiftTable function

    int i = static_cast<int>(
        prototype.size() -
        1);  // Index that we shift in text to find the substring
    while (i < text.size()) {
        int j = i, k = 0;
        bool flag = true;

        for (int z = static_cast<int>(prototype.size() - 1); z >= 0 && flag;
             z--) {  // Checking if all characters of substring are equal with all characters of string
            if (text[j] == prototype[z]) {
                k++;
                j--;
            } else {
                flag = false;  // If two characters are not equal set flag to false and break from loop
            }
        }

        if (k ==
            prototype.size()) {  // If all characters match then return true
            return true;
        } else {
            if (shiftTable.find(text[i]) != shiftTable.end()) {
                i += shiftTable[text[i]];  // If shift table contains the character then shift index as many steps as value
            } else {
                i += prototype.size();  // If character does not exist in shift table then shift index as many steps as size of prototype string
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}
} // namespace horspool
} // namespace strings

/**
 * @brief Function with test cases for Horspool's algorithm
 * @returns void
 */
static void test(){
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("Hello World","World") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("Hello World"," World") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("Hello World","ello") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("Hello World","rld") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("Hello","Helo") == false);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("c++_algorithms","c++_algorithms") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("c++_algorithms","c++_") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("Hello","Hello World") == false);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("c++_algorithms","") == false);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("c++","c") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("3458934793","4793") == true);
    assert(strings::horspool::horspool("3458934793","123") == false);
}

/**
 * @brief Main Function that calls test function
 * @returns 0 on exit
 */
int main(){
    test();
    return 0;
}